Avesta.tj | 02/20/2023 | Migration, demography, economics and migration – these and other topics became the subject of discussion at the round table “Migration Landscape in Central Asia: Trends and Forecasts”, which was held today, February 20, at the Russian-Tajik Slavonic University.
The round table was attended by professors and teachers of RTSU, as well as specialists working in the field of migration.
During the event, it was noted that, according to UN estimates, the number of international migrants has increased to 281 million people, or 3.6% of the world’s population in 2022. In 2019, there were 169 million international labor migrants in the world.
Rahmon Ulmasov, Professor of the Department of Foreign Regional Studies and Foreign Policy of the RTSU, in his speech “Scientific research in the modern migration world: problems, trends and prospects” noted that today the number of Tajik migrants is 0.2% of the total number of migrants in the world.
“Since the beginning of 2023, the Russian labor market has been experiencing a shortage of welders, builders, plumbers and other employees in the housing and communal services sector. That is, there are now many vacancies for workers, and we have to fight for such personnel. The shortage of personnel is also associated with an increase in the pace of industrial production, a focus on import substitution. In my opinion, the negative effect of today’s realities is due to the fact that a turbulent period is expected in the life of migrants, the Russian economy, and the difficult state of affairs in companies. As well as the maturation of the population, the lack of migrants, the inability to quickly find people in the place of those mobilized and left,” said Rahmon Ulmasov.
“In general, the European Union is distinguished by a rather difficult demographic situation. This is due to the low birth rate and low natural increase. The lowest birth rate is observed in Greece, Spain, Italy, Germany – up to 10%. In Germany, population decline is recorded. At the same time, the age composition of the population is also changing towards a decrease in the proportion of children’s ages and an increase in the proportion of older ages. Analysts predict that by 2050, 50% of the population of the European Union will be over 50 years old,” the professor emphasized.
According to him, it is necessary to create a single information center in Central Asia in order to promptly cover migration problems, quickly spread it across all social networks, rapidly and firmly create a common opinion.
“We will not be able to penetrate deeply into the modernity of Tajik migration if, necessarily, remembering the questions that it asks us, we do not turn to the search for answers, also in the past,” said Rahmon Ulmasov.
“In the Institute of History of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, it is necessary to create a special unit for studying the migrations of the past of the Tajik people – the Department of Archeology of the era of the Great Migration of Peoples and the Early Middle Ages. Regularly conduct research to assess the impact of migration on the families of labor migrants left behind in Tajikistan. Take into account the results of such studies when developing a policy in the field of labor migration,” the scientist said.
At the end of the round table, Rahmon Ulmasov’s book “Migration and Demography in Tajikistan” was presented, aimed at forming the basic ideas about migration today and tomorrow